Back to blog

Which vegetables and herbs to plant in the garden?

Most vegetables, small fruit, herbs and edible flowers need a lot of sunlight to develop their flavours and beautiful colours. All are welcome in the vegetable garden!

Read our magazine "Urban vegetable gardens"


  • Lettuce, spinach
  • Radishes, carrots
  • Zucchinis, cucumbers
  • Peas
  • Shallots, onions, garlic
  • Beans
  • Basil, chives, parsley, cilantro, dill, oregano, thyme
  • Strawberries, raspberries, blueberries, blackberries
  • Tomatoes


Small potsLettuce, spinach, kale, almost all herbs
Large pot, minimum 30 cm deep with stakesTomatoes, eggplants, peppers, cucumbers
Very large pot, very deepCarrots, radishes, beats, potatoes


  • Cress, lettuce, spinach, arugula
  • Kale, Swiss chard
  • Bush beans
  • Turnips
  • White onions (bulbs)
  • Peas
  • Radishes


  • Garlic
  • Eggplants, peppers, tomatoes
  • Beets, carrots
  • Potatoes
  • Cabbages (all)
  • Cucumbers, squash, zucchini, melons, pumpkins
  • Shallots, onions, leeks
  • Celery
  • Fennel
  • Beans
  • Corn

Shade seekers:

  • Arugula, lettuce, spinach
  • Broccoli
  • Peas
  • Brussel sprouts, kale
  • Beats
  • Swiss chard
  • Radishes
  • Leeks

Edible flowers:

Not all flowers are edible, and some are even very toxic, so be sure you can eat what you pick. If in doubt, abstain! Those flowers can remain in a vase to appreciate. Edible flowers include:

  • Nasturtium
  • Gladiola
  • Daylily
  • Impatiens
  • Daisy
  • Pansy
  • Phlox paniculata
  • Marigold
  • Elderberry
  • Tulip
  • Violet

See the top 5 edible flowers

A biodiverse garden

"Mixing it up" in the vegetable garden is an excellent way to promote biodiversity. Companion planting is one method that can provide great results. For example, you can integrate aromatic plants and flowers into the vegetable garden and place them judiciously next to vegetable and fruit plants in such a way that each plant attracts insects useful for the neighboring plant.

A biodiverse garden can have fewer problems with pests by being welcoming to birds and insects that keep pests under control. Certain plants act as natural repellents, while others attract insects that are useful in the garden. Sweet Nasturtiums attract aphids, which are then too busy eating them that they don't attack the vegetables.

Read our blog and find out which are the best and worst companions for your favourite vegetables. You'll learn, among other things that tomato plants and potato plants are not good friends, but that carrots live very happily alongside radishes, tomatoes, cilantro and chives!